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Mount Bromo - Tengger Bromo Semeru National Park (TNBTS)

Mount Bromo (from Sanskrit: Brahma, one of the main gods in Hinduism) or in Tenggerese spelled "Brama", is an active volcano in East Java, Indonesia. This mountain has a height of 2,329 meters above sea level and is located in four districts, namely Probolinggo Regency, Pasuruan Regency, Lumajang Regency, and Malang Regency. Mount Bromo is famous as the main tourist attraction in East Java. As a tourist attraction, Bromo becomes interesting because of its status as an active volcano. Mount Bromo is included in the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park area.

The body shape of Mount Bromo is linked between valleys and canyons with a caldera or sea of ​​sand covering an area of ​​about 10 square kilometers. It has a crater with a diameter of ± 800 meters (north-south) and ± 600 meters (east-west). While the danger area is a circle with a radius of 4 km from the center of the Bromo crater.

Eruption history

During the 20th and 21st centuries, Mount Bromo has erupted several times, at regular intervals of 30 years. The largest eruption occurred in 1974, while the last eruption occurred in 2015-present.

Bromo as a sacred mountain

For residents around Mount Bromo, the Tengger tribe, Mount Bromo / Mount Brahma is believed to be a sacred mountain. Once a year the Tenggerese hold a Yadnya Kasada or Kasodo ceremony. This ceremony takes place in a temple which is under the foot of Mount Bromo and continues to the top of Bromo. The ceremony is held at midnight to early morning every full moon around the 14th or 15th of Kasodo (tenth) month according to the Javanese calendar.

Mount Bromo Tour during the Covid-19 pandemic

The Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park (TNBTS) area has begun to be gradually opened for tourism activities. For the time being, only three points of Mount Bromo tourist sites can be visited by tourists since September 6, 2021 with certain conditions.

There are three tourist sites of Mount Bromo that can be visited with a limited quota of visits per day. Namely, the Penanjakan view point with a quota of 222 people, Bukit Kedaluh for 107 people and Bukit Cinta for a quota of 31 people.

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