Vaccines are biological products containing antigens in the form of microorganisms or parts thereof or substances they produce which have been processed in such a way that they are safe, which when given to a person will cause active specific immunity against certain diseases.
Vaccination is a process in the body so that a person becomes immune or protected from a disease. If one day exposed to the disease, the person will not get sick or only experience mild illness.
Vaccines are not drugs, they encourage the formation of specific immunity in the body to avoid contracting the virus or possibly getting seriously ill. As long as there is no specific medicine for COVID-19, a safe and effective COVID-19 vaccine and 5M behavior (wearing masks, washing hands, keeping distance, staying away from crowds, reducing mobility) are protective measures that we can do to avoid COVID-19.
Why should you be vaccinated?
Vaccines will stimulate the formation of immunity against certain diseases in a person's body.
After being vaccinated, the body will remember the virus or bacteria that carries the disease, recognize it and know how to fight it.
Vaccination is not only aimed at breaking the chain of disease transmission, but also in the long term to eliminate and even eradicate the disease itself.
If a person does not undergo vaccination, then he will not have specific immunity against a disease.
Criteria for individuals who should not be vaccinated:
- People who are sick
People who are sick should not be vaccinated. If you are sick, participants must recover before being vaccinated.
- Have co-morbidities
People with uncontrolled comorbidities such as diabetes or hypertension are advised not to receive the vaccine.
- Not age appropriate
People who get the COVID-19 vaccine are in the 18+ year age group. This means that those outside the group, such as children, cannot receive the vaccine.
- Have a history of autoimmune
- COVID-19 Survivors
For COVID-19 survivors, vaccination is postponed until three (3) months after being declared cured
- Pregnant women
- In the treatment
A person on medication for blood clotting disorders, immune deficiencies, and recipients of blood products/transfusions should not be vaccinated
In general, the side effects that arise can vary, are generally mild and temporary, and do not always exist, and depend on the condition of the body.
Minor side effects such as fever and muscle aches or rash at the injection site are normal but still need to be monitored.
Through the complete stages of vaccine development and testing, severe side effects can be detected first so that they can be evaluated further. The benefits of the vaccine far outweigh the risk of getting sick from infection if not vaccinated.